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Verbascum (Mullein)

Mulleins are usually growing as biennials, some species have a semiperennial to perennial habit and make some amazingly large inflorescences emerging from a large basal leaf rosette. All are suited for any dryish spot in full sun, excellent for the rock garden and very adoptable to various soil conditions.
Sow dustlike seeds flat on any sandy or rocky soil. Do not cover seeds with soil, place pots in a sunny and protected spot outside and keep substrate always slightly moist from beneath. Transplant seedlings after their fourth real leaves. Seedlings will grow rapidly especially in autumn and winter. Very easy and showy plants.
All are USDA Climate Zone 6.
50 seeds per package.
Articles
Verbascum arcturus (Cretan Mullein)

Verbascum arcturus (Cretan Mullein)

40 (100)cm, Cretan Mullein is a semi-perennial species native of Western Crete (e. g. in the Imbros gorge). Makes a lax spike of medium sized, bright yellow flowers above an open, slightly wooly, basal rosette of slightly wooly leaves. For full sun in a well drained soil. Ideal for the rock garden. VI-VIII.

Verbascum barnadesii (Pale Rose Mullein) Exclusive

Verbascum barnadesii (Pale Rose Mullein) Exclusive

30 (50)cm, Pale Rose Mullein is a rarely seen, dwarf, semi-perennial species with usually a single spike of large, pale rose to white flowers above a deep green to yellowish green basal leaf rosette. Native of rocky soils in Southwestern Spain and Eastern Portugal. For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. Ideal for the rock garden. IV-VII.

Verbascum blattaria (Moth Mullein)

Verbascum blattaria (Moth Mullein)

120 (180)cm, Moth Mullein is a biannual to semi perennial species with clusters of dark green, glossy, non-pubescent leaves and tall, slightly branching spikes with quite large, usually purple-throated, pale yellow to creamy yellow flowers. Easily cultivated in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-VIII.

Verbascum conocarpum (Sardinian Mullein)

Verbascum conocarpum (Sardinian Mullein)

150 (180)cm, Sardinian Mullein is a biannual species with a single, tall, unbranched stem with densely hairy leaves and quite large bright yellow flowers. Endemic of rocky, sunny sites on the island of Sardinia (Italy). For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. VII-VIII.

Verbascum densiflorum (Large Flowered Mullein)

Verbascum densiflorum (Large Flowered Mullein)

170 (220)cm, Large Flowered Mullein makes a tall, slightly branching stem with densely white pubescent leaves and large bright yellow flowers. Differs from the very similar Verbascum speciosum by a leaf's base which slightly surrounds the stem like a wing, in Verbascum speciosum the leaves are attached to the stem only. For any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-VIII.

Verbascum epixanthinum

Verbascum epixanthinum

30 (50)cm, an only in 1999 newly discovered beautiful dwarf species from the Vikos Gorge (Ipeiros province) in north western Greece at an altitude of some 1335 m. It makes a dense basal rosette of broadly lanceolate, silvery grayish to yellowish green leaves and a short, compact spike with large, bright yellow flowers. For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. Excellent in the rock garden. VII-VIII.

Verbascum gnaphalodes (Caucasus Mullein) Exclusive

Verbascum gnaphalodes (Caucasus Mullein) Exclusive

180 (240)cm, Caucasus Mullein is a rare and almost unknown biannual to semi-perennial species with very tall, usually single to few branching, purplish-red, wooly stalks with numerous large, bright yellow flowers and narrow, glossy green leaves. Native of montane regions in the Caucasus. For any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-IX.

Verbascum lychnitis (White Mullein)

Verbascum lychnitis (White Mullein)

130 (200)cm, White Mullein is an uncommon biannual to semi perennial species with whitish green, powdery white leaves and multi-branching spikes with pure white flowers with red stamens. For any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-VIII.

Verbascum macrurum (Eastern Mediterranean Mullein)

Verbascum macrurum (Eastern Mediterranean Mullein)

180 (250)cm, Eastern Mediterranean Mullein is a biannual species with an impressively tall, slightly branching stem with numerous pale lemon flowers above showy greyish-white, densely pubescent leaves. It is native of rocky, sunny spots throughout the eastern Mediterranean. For any rich, well drained soil in a sunny and preferably protected spot. VI-VIII.

Verbascum nigrum (Black Mullein)

Verbascum nigrum (Black Mullein)

140 (190)cm, Black Mullein is a very ornamenal perennial with a fleshy rootstock. It makes a slim, branching spike with small yellow flowers and a contrasting purple center above dark green, slightly glossy leaves. Easily cultivated in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-IX.

Verbascum olympicum

Verbascum olympicum

150 (220)cm, very elegant mullein species from southern Greece with basal leaves forming a large, grayish rosette. Flowering stem branches just above rosette, looking like a candelabra. Numerous bright golden yellow flowers over a long period. For any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-IX.

Verbascum phlomoides

Verbascum phlomoides

120 (170)cm, European Mullein is similar to Verbascum thapsus with an erect flower spike of larger, pale yellow flowers above finely haired leaves. For any well drained soil in a sunny spot. V-VI.

Verbascum phoenicum (Violet Mullein)

Verbascum phoenicum (Violet Mullein)

30 (50)cm, Violet Mullein is a dwarf, semi-perennial species with several spikes of large, vivid purple flowers above a deep green to yellowish green basal rosette. We offer the real species and not a hybrid. For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. Ideal for the rock garden. IV-VII.

Verbascum pulverulentum

Verbascum pulverulentum

200 (280)cm, Hairy Mullein makes an impressivly tall flower spike with numerous pale yellow flowers above a large rosette of densely white to pale yellow haired leaves. For any well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-VII.

Verbascum roripifolium (Roripa Mullein)

Verbascum roripifolium (Roripa Mullein)

100 (130)cm, Roripa Mullein is a Greek species with elegant, strongly branching narrow stems and filigree, almost "flying" lemon yellow flowers above a basal rosette of dark green leaves. For any rich, very well drained soil in a sunny and protected spot. Excellent in the rock garden. V-VII.

Verbascum sinuatum (Wavy Leaf Mullein)

Verbascum sinuatum (Wavy Leaf Mullein)

100 (140)cm, Wavy Leaf Mullein is a biannual to short lived perennial with a candelaber like, strongly branching inflorescence with numerous small rich yellow flowers above fresh green, hairy, broadly lanceolate leaves with undulated margins. Easily cultivated in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-VIII.

Verbascum spec. 001 "Lebanon"

Verbascum spec. 001 "Lebanon"

120 (150)cm, biannual species found in rocky soils in open spots in costal scrub formations in Wadi ez Ezin (Lebanon). Makes slightly branching stems with loosely arranged clusters or rich yellow flowers. Due to its habitat this species is probably not winter hardy enough for the open garden in Central Europe. Seedlings are best grown under cold glass the first year in a well drained, stony soil in full sun. Transplant young plants to the open garden mid spring the second year, when they will flower all summer long. VI-VIII.

Verbascum spec. 002

Verbascum spec. 002

30 (50)cm, an unidentified species, which is probably Verbascum cretica. Makes undulated, densely silvery-gray pubescent leaves in a basal rosette and short branching stalks with lemon yellow flowers. From a wild collection on Mallorca, Spain (Ermita de Belém, 300m). For any rocky, sandy soil in a protected spot in full sun. Excellent in the rock garden. VI-VII.

Verbascum speciosum (Showy Mullein)

Verbascum speciosum (Showy Mullein)

180 (250)cm, Showy Mullein is a very tall species with large, broad, white velvety leaves and slightly to strongly branching spike of bright sulfurous yellow flowers. Differs from the very similar Verbascum densiflorum by leaves which are attached to the stem only, in Verbascum densiflorum the leaf's base slightly surrounds the stem like a wing. Easily cultivated in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-IX.

Verbascum thapsus (Common Mullein)

Verbascum thapsus (Common Mullein)

120 (170)cm, Common Mullein is a biannual species with white pubescent leaves in a dense basal rosette and a tall, usually unbranching, candle-like spike covered with numerous large bright yellow and fragrant flowers. Easily grown in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. VI-VIII.

Verbascum thapsus ssp. montanum (Mountain Mullein) Exclusive

Verbascum thapsus ssp. montanum (Mountain Mullein) Exclusive

120 (170)cm, Mountain Mullein is a biannual species from the Mediterranean. In contrast to the species this subspecies has even more densely white pubescent leaves in a compact basal rosette and a tall, usually unbranching, candle-like spike covered with numerous large bright yellow and fragrant flowers. Easily grown in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. Seeds from two populations found on Mallorca, Spain. VI-VIII.

Verbascum virgatum (Twiggy Mullein)

Verbascum virgatum (Twiggy Mullein)

90 (140)cm, Twiggy Mullein is a biannual medium tall species native of South Western Europe. It makes a basal leaf rosette and an upright single stem with quite large lemon-yellow flowers. Easily cultivated in any rich, well draned soil in a sunny spot. VI-VIII.