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Annual Flowers & Plants

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This category of annual flowers & plants is made up of all species we offer which typically flower within the year of sowing already. Not all are annuals in a strict sense, some are biannuals whilst others are perennials in the Northern hemisphere. Most are fast growing and will reach flowering size within few months after sowing. They will thrive in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot, if not noted otherwise in the species' description.
Sow flat preferably from early to mid spring in any rich, well drained soil. Keep pots in a sunny and constantly warm spot inside at some 15°C to 25°C, e.g. on a window sill, in a heated greenhouse or in the wintergarden. Carefully transplant seedlings to the final spot in your garden in late spring or early summer, as soon as no more freezing nights are to be expected and night temperatures will stay above some 10°C. Several species, especially all winter hardy perennials, may be sowed directly to the ground in the garden in spring.
For more information on genera and quantity of seeds per package please refer to the specific category for a given plant.
Articles
Abelmoschus esculentus (Red Okra)

Abelmoschus esculentus (Red Okra)

150 (200)cm, Red Okra or Red Lady Finger is an annual to short-lived perennial with utmost beautiful, large pale lemon-yellow flowers above deeply lobed reddish leaves and up to 20cm long, deep red, finger-like seed capsules. These are taken unripe, watered for several hours, cooked and added to various traditional dishes from Africa to the Middle East and India as a vegetable. For any rich, well drained substrate in full sun and sufficient watering in summer at a minimum of some 20°C. Best cultivated as an annual vegetable at a constantly rather high temperature in a greenhouse or wintergarden. Not only for the edible fruits, but for the color as well, this is a splendid ornamental plantl. VII-IX.

Abelmoschus manihot (Aibika)

Abelmoschus manihot (Aibika)

150 (200)cm, Aibika, Sunset Muskmallow, Sunset Hibiscus, or Hibiscus Manihot is an annual to short-lived perennial with extremely showy and beautiful, large pale lemon-yellow flowers with a small dark center and pointed-oval, densely pubescent seed capsules above broadly lobed leaves. In Asia and Australia very young leaves and still smoothly pubescent seed capsules are used as vegetables, the semi-woody stem is used for being rich in fiber. For any rich, well drained substrate in full sun and sufficient watering in summer at a minimum of some 20°C. Best cultivated as an annual at a constantly rather high temperature in a greenhouse or wintergarden. VII-IX.

Abelmoschus moschatus (Musk Mallow)

Abelmoschus moschatus (Musk Mallow)

150 (200)cm, Musk Mallow oder Ambrette Seeds is an annual to short-lived perennial native of India with very showy and large, pale lemon-yellow flowers with a small dark center and flattened oval, densely pubescent seed capsules above broadly lobed leaves and musk fragrant seeds. In India and Asia very young leaves, still smoothly pubescent seed capsules and young flower buds are cooked as vegetables. Several plant parts are used in traditional medicine. The seed oil was used as a plant substitute for animal musk. For any rich, well drained substrate in full sun and sufficient watering in summer at a minimum of some 20°C. Best cultivated as an annual at a constantly rather high temperature in a greenhouse or wintergarden. VII-IX.

Abutilon grandifolium (Large-leafed Indian Mallow)

Abutilon grandifolium (Large-leafed Indian Mallow)

50 (120)cm, Large-leafed Indian Mallow is a biannual to perennial species with large, densely pubescent, heart shaped leaves and numerous slightly nodding, orange flower cups over a very long period. After flowering it makes some typical, upright hold seed pods. For any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot throughout the year, reduce watering in winter and keep plants at a minimum of some 15°C. VI-XI.

Abutilon theophrasti (Indian Velvet-leaf Mallow)

Abutilon theophrasti (Indian Velvet-leaf Mallow)

120 (180)cm, Indian Velvet-leaf Mallow is a fast growing annual from South Asia with branching stems and showy yellowish- orange flowers above serrated, heart-shaped, pubescent leaves. Easily cultivated in any rich, well drained, rather rocky soil in full sun. Sow directly to the ground after the last freezing nights in late spring to early summer. VII-IX.

Acmella oleracea (Paracress)

Acmella oleracea (Paracress)

20 (30cm, Paracress has ornamental elongating gold and red flower discs above glossy, aromatic leaves. Fresh leaves are used as additional ingredients in salads in Brazil. Never eat an entire leaf or flowerbud all at once! All parts provoke a numb and strongly tingle sensation on the tongue and in the throat. This species has medicinal properties for containing a strong analgesic agent (Spilanthol). Easily grown as an annual in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot in the garden. VI-VIII.

Adlumia fungosa (Climbing Bleeding Heart)

Adlumia fungosa (Climbing Bleeding Heart)

2 (5)m, Climbing Bleeding Heart or Allegheny Vine is a fast growing annual to rarely biannual vine with ornamental, fern-like foliage and bleedingheart like (Dicentra spp.), pendulous white to pale rose flowers. Native of humus rich and fresh soils in woods in North America. Sow in any well drained, humus rich soil preferably in spring. Keep pots outside in a protected spot. Transplant strong seedlings from end of spring to early summer. VIII-X.

Agrostemma githago (Common Corncuckle)

Agrostemma githago (Common Corncuckle)

100 (150)cm, Commnon Corncockle is a beautiful annual, losley branching species from Asia Minor with narrow, pubescent leaves and showy, quite large, rose flower cups with a pale rose center and purple streaks. Easily cultivated in any rich rich, well drained soil in full sun. Sow directly to the ground in the garden in mid spring. Will readily self-sow under appropriate conditoons. V-VII.

Agrostemma githago ssp. linicola (Dwarf Corncuckle) Exclusive

Agrostemma githago ssp. linicola (Dwarf Corncuckle) Exclusive

30 (40)cm, Dwarf Corncockle is a beautiful annual subspecies from Russia and Asia Minor. It is similar as the species, yet stems are much shorter with narrow, pubescent leaves and showy, quite large, rose flower cups with a pale rose center and purple streaks. Easily cultivated in any rich rich, well drained soil in full sun. Sow directly to the ground in the garden in mid spring. Will readily self-sow under appropriate conditoons. V-VII.

Anoda cristata (Crested Anoda Mallow)

Anoda cristata (Crested Anoda Mallow)

70 (120)cm, Crested Anoda Mallow is a fast growing annual with several basally branching stems and showy light blue to pale rose flowers above serrated, heart-shaped, pubescent leaves. It is native of open spots in meadows throughout central and southern USA. Easily cultivated in any rich, well drained, rather rocky soil in full sun. Sow directly to the ground in mid spring. VII-IX.

Argemone grandiflora (White Large Flowered Prickly Poppy)

Argemone grandiflora (White Large Flowered Prickly Poppy)

70cm, White Large Flowered Prickly Poppy is a most ornamental annual species from Central America. It makes very large, pure white flowers, which last for several days, above spiny, steel bluish-green green leaves. For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. Sow directly to the ground after the last freezing nights by the end of spring. VI-VIII.

Argemone mexicana (Mexican Prickly Poppy)

Argemone mexicana (Mexican Prickly Poppy)

30 (50)cm, Mexican Prickly Poppy is an annual species from arid areas in southwestern USA and Mexico. It makes several pale lemon yellow flower cups above spiny greyish green leaves with nicely contrasting white nerves. For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. Sow directly to the ground after the last freezing nights by the end of spring. VI-VIII.

Argemone polyanthemos (White Prickly Poppy)

Argemone polyanthemos (White Prickly Poppy)

40 (70)cm, White Prickly Poppy is an annual species from arid areas in southwestern USA. It makes several quite large, pure white flower plates above spiny greyish green leaves with nicely contrasting pale green nerves. For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. Sow directly to the ground after the last freezing nights by the end of spring. VI-VIII.

Asclepias curassavica (Mexican Butterfly Milkweed)

Asclepias curassavica (Mexican Butterfly Milkweed)

100 (140)cm, Mexican Butterfly Milkweed is a fast growing annual to perennial native of Central and Northern South America and makes bright orange and red flowers in terminal clusters. It is an important host plant for the Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) and easily grown in any rich, well drained soil in full sun. In colder climates plants will die back to the ground in winter, but may sometimes resprout from the rhizome in late spring. Alternatively plants can be grown as annuals from seeds sowed in late spring under glass. Transplant seedlings to the final spot in the garden after the last freezing nights. VI-IX.

Barbarea verna (Spring Upland Cress)

Barbarea verna (Spring Upland Cress)

20 (70)cm, Early Yellowrocket or Upland Cress is a hardy biannual which occurs throughout Eurasia. The spicy leaves with a watercress-like flavor are used either raw to prepare an utmost delicious salad or cooked as a vegetable. Easily grown in any rich, well drained, always slightly moist soil in a sunny spot. Under suitable conditions it will readily self-sow. V-VI.

Berlandiera lyrata (Chocolate Flower)

Berlandiera lyrata (Chocolate Flower)

20 (40)cm, Chocolate Flower is a showy herbaceous perennial with several yellow flowers, somtimes with brownish-red markings underside and a chocolate-like fragrance. Native of rocky sites in full sun in southwestern USA. For any rich, well drained soil in full sun. VII-VIII.

Borago officinalis (Borage)

Borago officinalis (Borage)

70 (100)cm, Borage is a showy annual from the Western Mediterranean with edible, large bristly leaves and numerous sky-blue flowers in terminal branching racemes. Flowers are very attractive to bees. Borago officinalis is easily grown in any humus rich, well drained soil in a fresh spot in full sun. Sow directly to the ground from mid to end of spring in a sunny site. VI-VII.

Brassica juncea (Indian Mustard)

Brassica juncea (Indian Mustard)

40 (100)cm, Indian Mustard is a hardy semiperennial to perennial from NW India, W China to Burma and Iran, where it has been cultivated for centuries. The young tender leaves can be used raw as a spicy ingredient in salads, or cooked as a vegetable in soups and stews. Easily grown in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. Under suitable conditions it will readily self-sow. V-VII.

Brassica nigra (Black Mustard)

Brassica nigra (Black Mustard)

40 (100)cm, Black Mustard is an annual from Eurasia, where it has been used for centuries for its spicy-hot seeds to prepare table-mustard. The bright yellow flowers magically attract numerous insects. It is easily grown in any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. Under suitable conditions it will readily self-sow. V-VI.

Caiophora spec. "Chile"

Caiophora spec. "Chile"

30cm, an unidentified species with most showy bright scarlet flowers on short stems. Native of subalpine areas in the Chilean Andes. Was received as Caiophora lateritia, but indeed it is a different species. It is most likely a perennial species which tolerates frost in winter. Plant in a potected spot outside with some good insulating cover in winter, e. g. a thick dry mulch layer. Alternatively grow in pots under frost free conditions throughout the year with a winter minimum of some 5°C and reduced watering in full sun.

Calamintha nepeta (Canary Islands' form) Exclusive

Calamintha nepeta (Canary Islands' form) Exclusive

20 (50)cm, Poleo Canario is a semi-perennial with upright to bowing, fine stems and a woody base on older specimens. Oval to elliptical, strongly aromatic leaves and lateral, for the plant-size quite large, rose to pink flowers. Native to open spots in rich soils in the Canary laurel forest. For any rich, yet well drained soil in a sunny to partially shaded spot. Fully winter hardy. V-X.

Calandrinia grandiflora (Large-Flowered Purslane)

Calandrinia grandiflora (Large-Flowered Purslane)

30 (45)cm, Large-Flowered Purslane or Large-Flowered Purslane is a showy annual from the Andes in Chile and makes a bluish-green basal leaf rosette and losely branching stalks topped by quite large, bright pink flowers. Easily grown in any rich, well dained soil in a sunny spot. Excellent in the rock garden. Sow seeds on top of any rich, well drained substrate in pots in mid spring at some 20°C. Keep pots in a sunny spot. Transplant seedlings to the final spot in the garden after the last freezing nights by the end of spring to early summer. VI-VIII.

Calceolaria filicaulis (Capachito de las Vegas)

Calceolaria filicaulis (Capachito de las Vegas)

20 (30)cm Capachito de las Vegas is an annual to biannual with showy flat rosette of broad mid green leaves covered with white an elegant spike of few, yet quite large, bright yellow lady’s slipper like flowers. Native of dryish rocky spots in montane regions in Chile. Fully winter hardy in any rich, well drained soil in a protected spot in the garden with shelter from winter wetness. Seeds from a wild collection in VII Region, El Melado at some 1700m. VI-VII.

Calendula officinalis (Pot Marigold)

Calendula officinalis (Pot Marigold)

30 (40)cm, Pot Marigold a classic garden plants with yellow to rich orange flowers from late spring to mid summer. For any rich, well drained soil in a sunny spot. Will readily self sow if happy. Our seeds are from plants shown in the foto with an orange or brown eye. V-VII.

Carthamnus tinctorius (Safflower)

Carthamnus tinctorius (Safflower)

30 (50)cm, Safflor is an annual to biannual with glossy, leathery, spiny leaves and a terminal cluster of few bright yellow flower heads, turning to orange on drying. Native of Egypt growing in stony ground in full sun. The dried petals are used as a substitute for saffron (Crocus sativus), from the seeds a highly valued oil is extracted for culinary purposes. For any rich, very well drained soil in full sun. Sow directly into the ground at the end of spring. V-VII.